Research on severe material deprivation; Turkey # 2 on the list!

According to the income carried out by TSI and the Living Conditions Survey, in 2019 Turkey, by failing to meet at least four of the specified requirements in the 26.3 percent of the population experiencing severe material deprivation, was the second highest country with severe material deprivation rate in Europe. .

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Since 2006, TURKSTAT has been conducting an Income and Living Conditions Survey, which includes information on topics such as income distribution, as well as living conditions and poverty.

Piece of truthAs cited by TURKSTAT and the European Statistical Office (Eurostat) use the concept of “material deprivation” to express the situation of financial difficulties.

According to the definition used jointly by TURKSTAT and Eurostat; Failure to comply with at least three of the nine items listed below indicates a material deprivation, while failure to comply with at least four of these elements indicates a serious material deprivation.

The elements are as follows:


-Color TV



Unexpected expenses

-A week away from home

-Rent, home loan, loan payments

-A meal based on meat, chicken and fish every two days

-The need to heat the house

According to the Survey of Income and Living Conditions, severe material deprivation suffered by the need to meet at least four specified for 26.3 percent of Turkey’s population in 2019. This rate was 26.5 percent in 2018.

Furthermore, the highest level of severe material deprivation in Europe since 2010 was 9.9 percent in 2012. However, as of 2013, it can be said that there is a decrease in this rate. However, when we look at 2019, it is seen that 5.5 percent of the European population is in severe financial deprivation.


In 2019, the countries with the highest rate of severe material deprivation in Europe; together with Turkey, Bulgaria, Romania, Greece, Serbia and Romania, while the country where this ratio is the lowest is Switzerland, Sweden and Luxembourg.


As you can see from the table; In 2019, the severe material deprivation of the country with the second highest rate was 26.3 percent with Turkey.

However, the countries where the proportion of the population suffering severe material deprivation in Europe has decreased the most since 2016 were Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary, Greece and Croatia. If we look at the severe material deprivation situation in Turkey, we see a decline since 2016.


On the other hand, when we look at the items of the Income and Living Conditions Survey, we find interesting information. According to the research results, the share of the highest income group of total income decreased by 1.3 points to 46.3 percent in 2019. On the other hand, the share of the lowest income 20 percent of total income increased by 0 , 1 percentage points to 6.2 percent.

When we look at the poverty rate for education, we see that 26.1 percent of the illiterate and 22.4 percent of those who do not graduate from school are poor. While this rate is 13.4% for those with less than high school education, it is 6.9% for high school graduates. While 2.2 percent of higher education graduates were poor in 2018, 2.5 percent of them were poor in 2019.

In addition to this, 58.7 percent of Turkey’s population cannot afford the costs of a week’s vacation away from home. Again, according to the research, a two-day meat in Turkey, to cover the costs of food containing chicken or fish, the population rate was 33.6 percent of the population who can not afford an unexpected expense 29.7 percent. Finally, 71.1 percent of the population declared having installment payments or debts other than the purchase of a house and housing costs.

The research results were published on Friday, September 11, 2020.

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