Turkish Statistical Institute (TUIK) Life satisfaction survey, 2020 published the results. Research; It reveals the happiness rates according to parameters such as sex, age, marital status and educational level. Research has been conducted periodically every year since 2003. The chart that emerged this year shows that we have fallen to the lowest level in 17 years where happiness is measured.
General level of happiness (%), 2003-2020
Research supports some generalizations that have penetrated minds. For example, we see that educated people are more unhappy with the results and this is not surprising. Some results are the opposite of what is expected. One of these unexpected results is that married people are happier, according to research. Especially when you consider the growing trend of divorce due to the pandemic in 2020, you cannot go without being surprised by this result. Again, it seems strange that women were happier than men in a period when violence against women and femicide could not be prevented. Let’s take a closer look at these details together.
Percentage of those who declared their happiness by gender (%), 2003-2020
Life satisfaction survey, 2020 In the surveys conducted for; The rate of those who said they were very happy was 8.8%, the rate of those who said they were happy was 39.4%, the rate of those who said they were in the middle was 37.3, the rate of those who said they were unhappy was 10% , and the rate of those who said they were very unhappy was 4.5%. In the announced results, the rates of the first 2 groups that say “I am very happy and happy” are added and those that say “I am happy” are represented with a general rate of 48.2%. Again the last 2 groups that say I am unhappy and very unhappy are gathered and represented at a rate of 14.5%.
Happiness level by age group, 2020
We see that 48.2% of the proportion of the happy in Turkey in 2020. Looking at the above data, it fell to the lowest level measured since 2003. To better understand the results, you can consider 2009 as a benchmark. Due to the global economic crisis that began in the last months of 2008, the level of happiness in 2009 was very low. In fact, the lowest result before 2020 was the 54.3% happiness rate measured in 2009.
Who are the happiest? What are the sources of happiness?
When the level of happiness is examined according to the educational level; The highest happiness rate in 2020 was observed in those who did not finish any school with 54.4%. While the rate of women who declared themselves happy is 53.1%, the rate of men who declared themselves happy is 43.2%. In fact, when you look at the charts in general, you see that the result is in favor of women almost every year. But this time, it can be clearly seen that there is a decrease in the happiness rate for both men and women.
Happiness level by education (%), 2020
The proportion of married people who declared themselves happy is 51.7% in 2020. Only 41.3% of those who were not married declared themselves happy. An interesting result arises when the level of happiness of married people is analyzed by gender. 46.7% of married men and 56.8% of married women were happy. When the level of happiness was examined by age groups, it was observed that the highest happiness rate with 57.7% in 2020 belongs to the group of 65 years and over. The most unhappy age group in 2020 is the 35-44 age group with 45.4%.
According to the survey, when looking at the “people” who are the source of happiness, the family is the greatest source of happiness. The role of this resource in happiness is 69.7%. Even the sources of happiness listed outside the family are seen to be related to the family. These other sources of happiness; Children (15.0%), himself (4.2%), mother / father (3.6%), spouse (3.5%) and grandchildren (2.2%). The highest “value” as a source of happiness in 2020 is health with 70.9%. This; It is followed by love with 12.8%, success with 8.8%, money with 4.6% and business with 2.3%.
Hopes for the future dwindled a bit more in 2020
The rate of people who reported being hopeful about their own future was 69.6% in 2020. This proportion, which is included under the heading “7 out of 10 people are hopeful about their future”, sounds like a positive contrary to what expected. On the other hand, it is an important detail that this rate has decreased to its lowest level since 2009. I hope that 7 out of 10 people have high hopes for the future despite many factors such as the pandemic and climate change. In fact, having hope for the future at a time when everything is bottoming out is perhaps a branch we cling to in order to survive. Sometimes, even if there is no hope, we can suggest otherwise, we can feel better by saying “I have hope” to a survey. Even these suggestions can work, and if we “try” we can go from a really desperate situation to a good one. Hoping that 2021 will have a better impact not only on statistics but in our real life.