Electricity generation in the EU: renewables outperform fossil fuels

Ember, an independent think tank focused on climate and energy, based in London, published its report entitled “European Energy Sector 2020.”

According to the report, the share of renewable sources in the European Union (EU) electricity generation went from 34 percent in 2019 to 38 percent last year.

In this period, fossil fuels followed renewable resources in generating electricity. Fossil fuels fell from 40 percent in 2019 to 37 percent last year.

Thus, in the 27 EU member countries, renewable energy surpassed fossil fuels for the first time in 2020, making it the main source of electricity generation in the EU.

The share of wind power plants from renewable sources in total electricity generation was 14%, the share of hydroelectric plants was 13%, the share of bioenergy was 6% and the share of plants of solar energy was 5%.

Among fossil fuels, the share of natural gas cycle power plants was 20 percent, coal-fired power plants 13 percent, and other fossil fuels 4 percent.

The rate of electricity generation from nuclear energy in EU countries reached 25 percent.

During the period in question, total electricity production in the EU was 2,760 terawatt hours. Of this, 1,055 terawatt hours came from renewable sources, 1,020 terawatt hours from fossil fuels, and 685 terawatt hours from nuclear power.

On the other hand, with the effect of the new type of coronavirus (Kovid-19) and the restrictive measures applied, the electricity production of the EU countries, which was 2,882 terawatt-hours in 2019, decreased last year.


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